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There are 837,130 people in Canada with Filipino ethnic origin based on the census conducted in May, 2016. Of the said number of Filipinos in the country, 780,130 reported they are a visible minority in the country, making Filipinos and Filipino-Canadians the 4th largest visible minority after South Asian (1,924,635), Chinese (1,577,060) and black (1,198,545) minorities in the country.

From 2011 to 2016, there were 1,212,075 new immigrants who had settled in Canada.

The Philippines continues to be the top source of immigrants bringing 188,805 (or 15.58% of the total) new immigrants to the country, followed by India (147,190), China (129,020), and Iran (42,070).

The breakdown of population with Filipino ethnic origin per province/territory is reported as follows:

Province/Territory

Total Population

Percent to Total Filipino population

Recent Immigrants from the Philippines (2011-2016)

Percent to Total of Recent Immigrants from the Philippines (2011-2016)

Newfoundland & Labrador

1,390

0.18%

855

0.45%

Prince Edward Island

670

0.09%

375

0.20%

Nova Scotia

3,400

0.44%

1,500

0.79%

New Brunswick

1,980

0.25%

2,875

1.52%

Quebec

34,910

4.47%

3,425

1.81%

Ontario

311,670

39.95%

53,185

28.17%

Manitoba

79,820

10.23%

22,885

12.12%

Saskatchewan

32,340

4.15%

16,615

8.80%

Alberta

166,200

21.30%

59,395

31.46%

British Columbia

145,030

18.59%

26,685

14.13%

Yukon

1,190

0.15%

635

0.34%

Northwestern

1,300

0.17%

330

0.17%

Nunavut

230

0.03%

45

0.02%

TOTAL

780,130

100.00%

188,805

100.00%

Filipino and Filipino-Canadian population in the country are concentrated in 4 Canadian provinces – Ontario, Alberta, British Columbia, and Manitoba – as more than 90% of them reside and work in those provinces. New Filipino immigrants prefer the same provinces based on comparative percentage to total population per province vis-à-vis total recent immigrants. It should be noted, however, that the top destination for Filipino immigrants during the period 2011 to 2016 was Alberta, and not Ontario.

Although the Filipino population in absolute terms are relatively smaller in the territories compared to territories, the Philippines contributed more than 40% of the total new immigrants in all the territories.

Statistics Canada reported the following population with Filipino ethnic origins in key metropolis in the country:

Cities

2011 Filipino Population

2016 Filipino Population

% Change

Toronto

246,340

254,480

+3.30%

Vancouver

120,645

123,170

+2.09%

Winnipeg

58,535

73,880

+26.22%

Calgary

52,645

70,660

+34.22%

Montreal

32,740

33,050

+0.95%

Ottawa-Gatineau

11,905

12,715

+6.80%

Calgary showed the biggest population growth among all key metropolitan areas in Canada with a rate of more than a third over the past 5 years, followed by Winnipeg with a 26.2% growth rate. The very low growth rate of Filipino migrants in Montreal, and in Quebec in general, may be explained by the difficulty faced by new immigrants in meeting the province’s minimum French language requirements.

More than 76% of those with Filipino ethnic origins reported being first generation Filipinos (598,960), including those who were born outside Canada. Second generation Filipinos (168,045) are mostly children of immigrants, and those born in Canada or had at least one parent born outside Canada. Only a very small percentage of Filipinos in the country consider themselves third generation Filipinos (13,125).

The following are other relevant information culled from the 2016 census:

National
• The number of Filipinos in Canada increased by 174,530 or 26.3% from 662,600 in 2011 to 837,130 as of 2016.
• Filipinos in Canada now comprise 2.4% of the population of the country (35,151,728), up from 2% in 2011.
• The number of Filipino women in Canada (468,015) outnumbered men (369,105). Filipino women also outnumber Filipino men across all 13 provinces and territories of Canada.

Provincial
• Ontario remained the province with the most number of Filipinos with the number of Filipinos increasing by 14.2% from 295,700 to 337,760 or 40.3% of the total number of Filipinos in Canada. The total population increased but the share of the provincial population declined from 44.6%.
• Manitoba retained its position with the most Filipinos on a per capita basis, with Filipino comprising 6.5% of the provincial population.
• The province of Alberta displaced British Columbia as the province with the second most number of Filipinos. Filipinos in Alberta now comprise 21% of the total Filipino population, while Filipinos in British Columbia make up 19% of the number of Filipinos in Canada. Manitoba had the 4th largest Filipino population (10%)
• Prince Edward Island saw the biggest increase by 663% from 95 to 725 Filipinos in the province. This was followed by Newfoundland and Labrador at 1,525 (312% increase), and by Saskatchewan 33,360 (101 % increase).

Metropolitan Areas
• Toronto remained the Canadian metropolitan area with the most number of Filipinos at 274,760, followed by Vancouver (133,925), and Winnipeg (77,305).
• Winnipeg is the metropolitan area with the most Filipinos on a per capita basis (9.9%), followed by Yellowknife (6%), and with Calgary and Vancouver tied (5.4%).
• Mirroring the provincial totals, the metropolitan areas that saw the most increases in Filipino population are Charlottetown (689%), St. John's (311%), and Regina (107%).

Consular Districts I Jurisdictions
• The consular jurisdiction of Toronto PCG covers 48.5% or 405,945 Filipinos increasing from 2011 by 18.6%
• The number of Filipinos residing within the district of Calgary PCG stands at 208,760 or 24.9% increasing by 60.7% from 2011.
• Filipinos within the jurisdiction of Vancouver PCG now number 160,960 or 19.2% of Filipinos, increasing by 16.9% from 129,910.
• Ottawa PE covers 61,460 or 7.3% of Filipinos spread across the Maritime and Atlantic provinces and Nunavut territory - up 16.4%.

Languages
• There were 431,380 Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) speakers in Canada as of 2016 or 87.5% of all Filipinos in the country
• Seven other Philippine languages appeared with Tagalog in the census, and are grouped along with other Austronesian Languages: Bikol, Cebuano, Hiligaynon, Ilocano, Pampango, Pangasinan, and Waray-waray.
• llocano (26,345) and Cebuano (19,890) speakers followed Tagalog as the most spoken Philippine languages in Canada.

The following tables are informative:

Filipino Population Per Province / Territory

Province / Territory

Total

Male

Female

% of Filipinos in Canada

Provl / Territory Popn

% of Provl Popn

Total 2011 Census

% Change

Ontario

337,760

144,830

192,930

40.3%

13,448,494

2.5%

295,700

14.2%

Alberta

175,130

79,150

95,975

20.9%

4,067,175

4.3%

113,205

54.7%

British Columbia

158,215

68,710

89,505

18.9%

4,648,055

3.4%

135,990

16.3%

Manitoba

83,530

39,955

43,580

10.0%

1,278,365

6.5%

61,270

36.3%

Quebec

37,915

15,590

22,320

4.5%

8,164,361

0.5%

34,140

11.0%

Saskatchewan

33,630

16,200

17,425

4.0%

1,098,352

3.1%

16,705

101.3%

Nova Scotia

3,580

1,585

1,995

0.4%

923,598

0.4%

2,110

69.7%

New Brunswick

2,130

870

1,265

0.3%

747,101

0.3%

1,155

84.4%

Newfoundland and Labrador

1,525

615

910

0.2%

519,716

0.3%

370

312.2%

Northwest Territories

1,415

620

790

0.2%

41,786

3.4%

975

45.1%

Yukon

1,330

550

780

0.2%

35,874

3.7%

735

81.0%

Prince Edward Island

725

330

395

0.1%

142,907

0.5%

95

663.2%

Nunavut

245

100

145

0.0%

35,944%

0.7%

140

75.0%

Total

837,130

369,105

468,015

100.0%

35,151,728

 

662,590

 

 

Filipino Population Per Select Census Metropolitan Areas

Census Metropolitan Area

Total

Male

Female

CMA Population

% of CMA Popn

Total 2011 Census

% Change

+ Toronto

274,670

118,265

156,405

5,928,040

4.6%

246,340

11.5%

   Vancouver

133,925

59,375

74,555

2,463,431

5.4%

120,645

11.0%

+ Winnipeg

77,305

36,915

40,390

778,489

9.9%

58,535

32.1%

   Calgary

75,020

33,820

41,200

1,392,609

5.4%

52,645

42.5%

+ Edmonton

64,275

29,125

35,145

1,321,426

4.9%

42,760

50.3%

   Montreal

35,685

14,620

21,060

4,098,927

0.9%

32,740

9.0%

* Ottawa-Gatineau

14,100

5,720

8,385

1,323,783

1.1%

11,905

18.4%

   Saskatoon

12,005

5,720

6,285

295,095

4.1%

7,235

65.9%

+ Regina

8,955

4,270

4,680

236,481

3.8%

4,315

107.5%

+ Victoria

6,650

2,630

4,025

367,770

1.8%

4,425

50.3%

+ Halifax

2,685

1,195

1,480

403,390

0.7%

1,490

80.2%

+ Whitehorse

1,185

510

680

28,225

4.2%

710

66.9%

+ Yellowknife

1,170

535

635

19,569

6.0%

810

44.4%

   Kingston

930

375

555

161,175

0.6%

780

19.2%

+ St. John’s

760

280

475

205,955

0.4%

185

310.8%

+ Charlottetown

355

145

210

69,325

0.5%

45

688.9%

+ Quebec City

310

150

160

800,296

0.0%

155

100.0%

+ Federicton

260

110

150

101,760

0.3%

250

4.0%

+ Iqaluit

160

60

95

7,740

2.1%

120

33.3%

 Filipinos Per Consular District / Jurisdiction of Team Philippines Canada

 

2016

2011

Jurisdiction

Total

Male

Female

% Share

Total

Male

Female

% Change

Ottawa PE

61,465

25,245

36,240

7.3%

52,795

21,573

31,233

16.4%

Calgary PCG

208,760

95,350

113,400

24.9%

129,910

58,915

70,995

60.7%

Toronto PCG

405,945

178,630

227,300

48.5%

342,195

117,860

161,135

18.6%

Vancouver PCG

160,960

69,880

91,075

19.2%

137,700

59,235

78,465

16.9%

Total

837,130

369,105

468,015

100.0%

662,600

257,583

341,828

26.3%

Philippine Languages in Canadian Households

Language

Total

Male

Female

% Share

Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)

431,380

178,575

252,810

87.5%

Ilocano

26,345

10,620

15,720

5.3%

Cebuano

19,890

7,930

11,960

4.0%

Hiligaynon

6,885

2,680

4,205

1.4%

Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango)

4,040

1,865

2,175

0.8%

Bikol

1,790

790

1,000

0.4%

Pangasinan

1,390

590

800

0.3%

Waray-Waray

1,110

430

675

0.2%

Total

492,830

203,480

289,345

100.0%

Developments After the 2016 Census

Filipinos in Canada numbered around 901,218 in April, 2018, comprising a mix of naturalized Canadians, permanent residents and temporary foreign workers (TFWs). This number comprises almost 2.6% of Canada’s national population.

In 2017, remittances from Filipinos in Canada totalled USD 644,754,000, up 12.6% from 2016 (USD 572,820,000). The figures are small compared to statistical data from earlier years (e.g. data for 2010 showed remittances from Filipinos in Canada at USD 2,022,611,000). The apparent decline in remittances is due to a correction in the statistical methods and in double-counting remittances coursed by remittance centers through banks.

Some Achievements of Filipinos in Canada

Canadians of Filipino descent have had forays into provincial and federal politics with mixed outcomes. Among the more notable ones would be that of Dr. Rey D. Pagtakhan, who served as cabinet minister in the Liberal governments of Jean Chrétien and Paul Martin, and served as a Member of the Federal Parliament from 1988 until his defeat in the elections of 2004.

In Manitoba, Florfina Marcelino of the New Democratic Party, was the first woman of color to be elected to the Manitoba Legislature in 2007 and served as Provincial Minister for Culture, Heritage and Tourism. She continues to serve at the Manitoba Legislative Assembly representing the electoral district of Logan. Her brother-in-law and caucus colleague, Ted Marcelino, was also elected to the Legislative Assembly in 2011 and represents the district of Tyndall Park. Mable Elmore (NDP) was elected to the British Columbia Legislative Assembly in 2009, representing the riding of Vancouver-Kensington.

Filipinos who come to Canada span many generations across the past decades, each with unique sets of motivations and pursuits. A study by the Asia-Pacific Foundation puts the socio-economic and cultural contributions of Filipino- Canadians, and thereby of the Philippines, to Canada at about $255.5 million in human capital – covering the economic value of the personal, technical and professional contributions of Filipinos to Canada, and taking into consideration the investment within the Philippines of about $1,825 per year in feeding, housing, clothing, educating, and training each Filipino until migration to Canada at age 35 (approximately $63,875 per person of working age).

The increased flows of Filipinos contributed significantly to the dispersal of new migrants in Canada, partly because their pre-existing communities were more dispersed across Canada. Filipinos do not tend to cluster in urban areas but instead go to places of economic opportunity.