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Official Relations

The official relationship between the Philippines and Canada started in 1949 when Canada established a trade mission to Manila. The Canadian trade mission was formally upgraded into a diplomatic mission in 1972. Aside from its embassy in Manila, Canada now has a Consulate in Cebu.

The Philippines first established its diplomatic presence in Canada when it opened a Consulate in Vancouver, British Columbia in May, 1956 with Consul Gauttier F. Bisnar as Head of Post. It was upgraded into a Consulate General on 24 August 1962 with Francisco O. Oira as Consul General. The Philippine Embassy in Ottawa was later opened on 1 March 1971, headed by Ambassador Privado G. Jimenez.

The Philippine Consulate General in Toronto, Ontario subsequently opened on 5 September 1978 with Leovegildo Anolin as Principal Officer. The latest addition to the Philippine government's presence in Canada is its Consulate General in Calgary, Alberta with the arrival of Consul General Julius Torres on 27 February 2016.

The official relationship, however, was preceded by commercial exchanges when Sunlife of Canada opened a branch office in Manila more than a century ago in 1896.

The Philippines and Canada established a Joint Committee on Bilateral Cooperation to manage their expanding bilateral exchanges. Its third meeting at senior officials level was in Manila last February, 2017 and covered discussions on political, cultural, trade, and migration issues.
The Philippines also stands as the coordinating country of ASEAN for Canada. ASEAN and Canada mark the 40th year of their dialogue relationship in 2017 under Philippine chairmanship of ASEAN.

High Level Visits

An active exchange of high-level visits reflect the excellent bilateral relationship between the two countries. Prime Minister Justin Trudeau travelled to Manila in November, 2015 to attend the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Leaders Meeting, his second official travel after stepping up as Canada's head of government in elections a few days earlier. His predecessor, Stephen Harper, visited Manila in 2012.

Before the APEC Economic Leaders Meeting in Manila, then President Benigno S. Aquino III visited Canada in May, 2015 on a State Visit. His predecessor, President Fidel V. Ramos, visited Canada in 1997 while then President Corazon C. Aquino undertook a State Visit to Canada in 1989.

Parliamentary Relationship

In the field of parliamentary exchanges, the Canadian Parliament established a Canada-Philippines Parliamentary Friendship Group on 12 May 2009. Its objective is "to provide a forum for the exchange of ideas and promote the expansion of relations between the Philippines and Canada." The launching of this Parliamentary Friendship Group highlighted the 60th Anniversary of cordial and fruitful relations between the two countries. It is currently co-chaired by Senator Tobias Enverga, Jr. (Conservative), the only Filipino-Canadian appointed to the Senate of Canada to date, and MP Kevin Lamoureux (Liberal, Winnipeg North) as Co-Chair.

On 07 December 2010, the Philippine House of Representatives adopted House Resolution No. 228 "Organizing the Philippines-Canada Parliamentarians Friendship Group." The counterpart Friendship Group serves as an additional platform for legislators from both countries to work together towards mutually-beneficial ends.

The first and only member of the House of Commons in the Canadian federal parliament who was of Filipino heritage was Dr. Rey Pagtakhan who was elected in November, 1988 to represent the riding of Winnipeg North as a member of the Liberal Party. He served until 2004.

Filipino Diaspora (see updated maps and statistics  of Filipinos in Canada)

In its 2011 census, the Canadian Government placed the number of Filipinos in Canada at 662,600, representing 2 per cent of Canada's population of 32,852,325. Canada's population has since increased to 36,503,097 by first quarter of 2017 and the size of the Filipino diaspora is expected to have increased as well with official data expected to be released later in 2017.

After the United States and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Canada hosts the largest Filipino diaspora.

Filipinos represent the fourth largest visible minority group in Canada at 10.6 per cent of the minority population of 6,264,800. Statistics Canada place "South Asians" as the largest group at 25 per cent, followed by "Chinese" at 21 per cent and "Blacks" at 15 per cent.

In terms of concentration by cities, most Filipinos in Canada (67.1 per cent) are found in the cities of Toronto, Edmonton, Calgary, Vancouver, Winnipeg, Montreal, and the Ottawa-Gatineau Capital Region. Their distribution are as follows:

Concentration of Filipinos by Cities in Canada

City

Number of Filipinos

% National Share of Filipinos

Toronto

246,340

37.2

Winnipeg

58,535

8.8

Calgary

52,645

7.9

Edmonton

42,760

6.5

Montreal

32,740

4.9

Ottawa-Gatineau

11,905

1.8

TOTAL

444,925

67.1

In 2014, Canada welcomed more than 40,000 permanent residents from the Philippines making it Canada’s top source country for permanent residents that year. Also in 2014, Canada data showed the issuance of 47,000 visitor visas to Filipinos.

The Tagalog language ranks 6th in the list of languages most spoken in Canada other than English and French, with 384,055 listing it as their language in the 2011 census. The number one minority language is Punjabi (459,990), followed by Spanish (439,110), Italian (437,725), German (430,055) and Cantonese (388,935). Arabic (374,410) is the next popular minority language after Tagalog. The 2011 census, however included 40,040 Filipinos who indicated their language as Ilocano (19,520), Visayan (18,105), Bicol (1,330), and Pangasinan (1,085).

During the 2016 presidential elections, an overwhelming 70 per cent of registered Filipino voters in Canada who cast their votes supported the eventual winner, President Rodrigo Roa Duterte. For the position of vice president, the plurality of voters at 38.36 per cent favored Senator Ferdinand Marcos, Jr. while Senator Alan Peter Cayetano came close at 31.11 per cent. Eventual winner, Vice President Leni Robredo, received 23.98 per cent of votes cast.

Consular Jurisdiction

The Philippine Embassy in Ottawa has consular jurisdiction over the following provinces and territory, namely: Quebec, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, Nunavut, Eastern Ontario, and the Ottawa-Gatineau Capital Region.

Within the consular jurisdiction of the Philippine Embassy are 52,806 Filipinos. Most of the Filipinos and Filipino-Canadians found within the consular jurisdiction of the Philippine Embassy reside in the province of Quebec, with 96 per cent of them found in the City of Montreal, or 32,740 individuals; followed by 11,905 in the Ottawa-Gatineau Capital Region.

Canadians in the Philippines

Canada placed the number of Canadians residing in the Philippines at approximately 15,000.

Canadian tourists accounted for the eighth largest group of foreign tourists to the Philippines in 2016 with 175,630 arrivals, but represented the fourth largest in spending at PhP732.05 million.

Bilateral Trade

The Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) ranked Canada as the sixth largest trading partner of the Philippines based on trade statistics for the first semester of 2016, with bilateral trade valued at US$463.96 million. The Philippines exported more to Canada (US$260.63 million) than it imported (US$203.33) during this semester. The volume accounted for 0.7 per cent of Philippine foreign trade for this period.

In 2015, bilateral trade between the Philippines and Canada reached more than US$957.6 million, with the Philippines reporting US$563.5 million worth of exports to Canada and importing US$394.1 million.